Tag Archives: Energy

The future is still unwritten

As 2013 arrives, I recently had a speculative discussion with some friends about what lies ahead. Will it be business as usual? What changes might we see? My thoughts are these are interesting times to be alive!

Productivity increases yet wages decline when adjusted for inflation.

For the past 30 years we’ve seen some underlying economic trends that I think will continue, namely decreasing real wages for goods-producing workers (i.e. the real economy that produces things like food not pseudo goods like improving search time for pornography), increasing inequality, and increasing cost of energy as well as other necessities. As greed increases and debt can no longer finance social benefits, the boomers are the last generation to be more materially well off from their parents. Pension? What’s that? I would expect increased political instability with a breakdown in the social contract and ruling consensus among elites.

Increasing cost of consumer goods and services.

There could be many diversions like the massive debt bubble of the 90s and 00s or the current boom in unconventional oil, which is the reason North Dakota has the lowest unemployment rate in the nation. The IEA, who said conventional oil production peaked in 2006, now says the US will return to the foremost hydrocarbon producer by 2020 due to previously unrecoverable gas and shale deposits. The caveat the likes of the WSJ forgot to report is the same IEA report predicts by 2036 we’ll be back to 2012 production levels.

Innovations can only delay the inevitable: that we will eventually have to transition from a fossil fuel based economy and culture. As a whole the boomers and Gen Xers seem to have made it clear they will not give up their God given right to transfer all the ancient underground carbon to the atmosphere as soon as technically possible. The fact no one has a good plan B after the stuff becomes scarce is incredible to me. I don’t see how the American Empire can survive this, as it was our oil wealth and geographic isolation from WWII that initially created American global hegemony. The writing is on the wall but who knows exactly when the empire will fall. As with Rome, I doubt it can be traced to a single date. But within my lifetime I see a fundamental shift in business as usual.

It looks like my generation will mainly be the ones forced to deal with 200 years of kicking various cans down the road. Increased ecological education seems to have paid off somewhat with my peers (I was taught about global warming and recycling in grade school). At least there seems to be more awareness and support on average for experimenting with “costly” alternative energies. But of course it’s all framed in the same manner of continuing extractive relationships and current levels of consumption.

The outlook for biodiversity is so grim I don’t even want to think about it. I am very disheartened as one who loves natural beauty and believes in the intrinsic value of all living organisms. When will the Holocene Extinction cease? Meager set-asides for conservation seems hardly a sufficient response.

Map of the known universe
Map of the universe

On the bright side there is an amazing amount of innovations, interesting art and experimentation in new culture going on right now. Every year we learn more about our planet, solar system, galaxy, and universe. Our current scientific models began to show their limits as we discover 84% of the matter in the observable universe is dark matter, of unexplainable composition. Perhaps it is the multiverse? Further shattering previous beliefs, NASA now estimates 500 million planets outside our solar system reside in a habitable zone where carbon-based life could theoretically evolve. Discovering life on one of these exoplanets appears to be highly probable, with some saying a mathematical certainty. And the constant shifting of our assumptions continues…

We are born into a world already made and carry the baggage of our ancestors. However, I ultimately believe the future is more like an ongoing yet unfinished play. We are given a role and thrown into a scene. How we play this is up to us.

Why the Keystone XL Pipeline will not help our energy independence or gas prices

tar sandObama recently announced support for the approval of the southern portion of the Keystone XL Pipeline that ships Canadian bitumen (heavily processed oil from tar sands/shale) to the Gulf. Why do Canadian tar sands producers want to transport their product over 2000 miles to the Gulf? In order to ship to Asia, which has the highest demand.

Even if the bitumen from the pipeline went to the domestic market, it will only contribute approximately 500,000 barrels/day when operated at maximum capacity. This is an insufficient amount to make up for old, declining domestic wells.

mordor tar sandsDeveloping tar sands is going backwards not forward like Obama claims. At best it has a slim energy return on energy invested due to the intensive mining and processing required, no better than biofuels. All the while releasing substantially more greenhouse gases and pollution. James Hansen of NASA described it as “essentially game over” for reversing climate change.

A spill could easily outweigh the economic benefits of 5000 temporary construction jobs. The initial portion of the Keystone pipeline already had 12 accidental spills since coming online in 2010.

Risks are high and there’s little reward besides maintaining addiction. This is tantamount to the alcoholic who unable to obtain their fix desperately tries to get drunk off rubbing alcohol, destroying their liver even faster.

We have to lay off the bottle sometime soon and transition to a new way of life. It’s obvious the bartending political establishment won’t be leading the way.

UPDATE: One of the most common claims used to support the Keystone XL pipeline construction is “it doesn’t matter, the bitumen will be coming out of the ground one way or the other.” Not so, according to the calculations of one economist. Since the Keystone XL pipeline is one of the largest proposed pipelines from the Canadian tar sands, not building it will result in one billion barrels of bitumen being left in the ground according to his estimates.

What I learned homesteading in rural Florida

front bed spring 2012
Front bed Spring 2012. Tatsoi and petunias flowering. Marigolds, peppers, and cauliflower in background.

In 2008 we set out on an experiment. How self-reliant could we be on 5 acres in the middle of no where in central Florida? Away from people, traffic, convenience. We previously only lived in cities, buying everything we needed and then some. To say I learned a lot is an understatement. This ever-growing list is an effort to remember and share this experience.

  1. Shooting stars are common away from the city’s light pollution.
  2. Wind blowing through a pine forest sounds like waves crashing on the beach.
  3. It’s impossible to do everything yourself and ungrateful to think so.
  4. Just because land is dry this month does not mean it will be next month.
  5. Surrounding natural beauty can be easy to take for granted when you live in it.
  6. Folks living in rural areas are not necessarily environmentalists.
  7. They can be just as scared of snakes and spiders as city people.
  8. And some think burning trash is “good for the environment.”
  9. But if you can forgo judgement, you can learn a lot from people with different values.
  10. Tree height is inversely proportional to precision when estimating where it will land when felled.
  11. Homesteading is romantic until you actually do it.
  12. Farming and gardening involve just as much death as life.
  13. Figuring out what to do with all that food can be more difficult than growing it.
  14. It takes five days to dig a 3x20x30′ pond by hand with 3 people.
  15. There is no such thing as too much compost.
  16. Sometimes enthusiasm should be curbed; starting small is easier than failing big.
  17. There is nothing magical about permaculture.
  18. Over-planning can be just as problematic as not planning at all.
  19. Plans are not so useful for developing an exact recipe for action but more for thinking a process through.
  20. The human element is often the weakest and most unpredictable link.
  21. Never forget the element of time when designing.
  22. A system that requires constant intervention has compounding energy cost over time.
  23. Having livestock is a lot like having kids.
  24. Most mothers do not need assistance birthing.
  25. Play is common among juveniles of many species.
  26. Chickens are unique, even emotional. If you spend enough time with them you can tell them apart by their behavior.
  27. “Chicken wire” is not meant for chicken coops.
  28. A determined raccoon is very clever. They can open doors and work in teams. Given enough time, there is no such thing as a 100% raccoon-proof coop.
  29. Diurnal predators can be just as deadly as nocturnal ones.
  30. Cheap fossil fuels make manual labor exponentially easier and less time-consuming.
  31. Self-reliance is less about where you are and more about how you give and take.